Tuesday, November 21, 2006

Mileson Horton

Mileson Horton, born 1899. Amazingly, that's all I can find about him apart from the fact that he wrote for early television and seems to have specialised in crime stories. Quite what he would have been contributing to Swift Annual 1 (1954) I don't know.

Horton, at the time working as an insurance clerk, was the originator of Photocrime a series of fumetti-style murder mystery stories told in photographs and captions originally published in Weekly Illustrated in 1935. These proved so popular that a summer break caused a torrent of reader complaints. The series was syndicated in America by the Des Moines Register & Tribune and a book appeared in 1936, co-written by Thomas Pemberton, the pen-name of Sir Henry Thomas Hopkinson, one-time editor of Picture Post.

Horton is also notable as the main author of the first multi-episodic show specifically written for British television. The show was called Telecrime, the first series of which began broadcasting live from Alexandra Palace on 10 August 1938. Each show ran for five ten- or twenty-minute episodes but the series was cut short when the BBC stopped broadcasting television during the Second World War. Telecrime—or Telecrimes as it became—returned in 1946 for a 12-episode run. Horton followed it with another series of 15-minute adventures with a similar premise entitled Be Your Own Detective, broadcast as part of the Kaleidoscope TV magazine in 1947.

Apart from a handful of radio plays and a book in the late 1940s, I find no further trace of him bar that one contribution to Swift Annual in 1954 when he was in his mid-fifties.

'Mileson' is such an odd Christian name, I'm wondering whether it was a pen-name or perhaps a middle name, which could explain why there is no trace of him in birth records or on the 1901 census.

Photocrimes, with Thomas Pembroke. London, A. Barker, 1936; New York, Hillman-Curl, 1937.
Be Your Own Detective. 15 Crime Mysteries for you to solve, photographs by James Maycock. London, Fenmore Publications, Jul 1948.

Telecrime (series):
__The Back-Stage Murder, with H. T. Hopkinson (from 10 Aug 1938)
__The Fletcher Case (from 24 Feb 1939)
__The Almost Perfect Murder (from 15 Apr 1939)
__Circumstantial Evidence (from 25 Jul 1939)
Telecrimes (12 eps., 22 Oct-25 Nov 1946)
Be Your Own Detective (Kaleidoscope; 1947)

Radio Plays
Inspector Cobb Remembers (series):__5: The Case of the Twin Sisters (General Forces Programme, 29 Jan 1945)Professor Burnside Investigates (series):__1: The Case of the Fifteen Coppers (General Forces Programme, 11 Jun 1945)__2: The Case of the Traveller's Wife (General Forces Programme, 19, Jun 1945)__3: The Case of the Stolen Payroll (General Forces Programme, 28, Jun 1945)__4: The Case of the Final Dividend (General Forces Programme, 2 Jul 1945)__5: The Case of the Murdered Mariner (General Forces Programme, 10 Jul 1945)__6: The Case of the Lonely Spinster (General Forces Programme, 17 Jul 1945)Appointment with Fear (series):
__Death Takes a Honeymoon, with W. L. Catchpole (Light Programme, 14 May 1946)
__Escape to Death (Light Programme, 25 Dec 1946)
Dead Men (Home Service, 2 Apr 1947).
The Servant Died at Midnight (Home Service, 7 May 1947)
The Man With the Twisted Neck (Light Programme, 16 Mar 1948)

Short Stories
Death Takes a Honeymoon (Appointment With Fear, ed. Ronald Flatteau, Fenmore Publications, 1948)

UPDATE: 25 September 2009 / 14 January 2017
Thanks to the discovery by Leonardo De Sá of a feature on the Photocrime phenomenon in Life magazine (see comments), I've managed to—perhaps—discover the real identity of Mileson Horton. Life refers to the author of the series as Denis Horton and a quick search of birth records reveals a Dennis (sic) James F. Horton born in Lambeth in the first quarter of 1899, the year in which Mileson Horton is supposed to have been born.

Tracking him further is a little more problematical. There was a Dennis Jas. Horton who served with the Essex Regiment in the Great War who might be him.

As Denis J. F. Horton, he married Edith M. Mileson in Surrey in 1951, whom I believe is possibly Edith Minnie Mileson, born in Essex in 1900. Now, he was using the name Mileson Horton many years earlier... so what their earlier connection was I've no idea. A long-time family friend? A collaborator? Who knows.

14 January 2017: I believe I may have a possible solution for this mystery... as early as 1939, Horton was living with Edith M. D. Horton, born 4 September 1896, at 34A High Street, Esher, Surrey. He was a senior insurance clerk and she a housewife and they were living as a married couple. Horton had previously married Marguerite Leng in 1918 – born Hilda Marguerite Leng in 1882 – and it is possible that Edith M. Mileson had also previously been married, to Eric S. Binder in 1919. It seems likely that one or other of them were not divorced before they began living together as man and wife and they were only later able to legally marry.

Although Horton's birth is registered in 1Q 1899, he was actually born on 28 December 1898 and baptized Denis James Frederick Horton at St. Saviour, Ruskin Park, on 12 March 1899. He was the son of Charles Frederick Horton, a hair dresser, and his wife Winifred, of 62 Cumbria Road, Lambeth.

Horton died in Worthing in 1964.

The following additional pictures comes courtesy of Jamie Sturgeon.


  1. Horton created series Photocrime in 1935, with Inspector Holt, in Weekly Illustrated, from Odhams Press. There's a contemporary article from Life magazine dated January 18, 1937, which sez he was an insurance clerk but has his name as Denis Horton (click here and check pg. 4-7).
    The USA had another Photocrime series authored this time by Austin Ripley, starting AFAICT in 1937, with Inspector Hannibal Cobb and other detectives. This was syndicated to several American newspapers and also published in Look magazine.

  2. Leonard,

    An excellent bit of detection. Using the clues in the Life article I believe I've managed to track down his real name and confirm his birth in 1899... and a marriage.

    See the update for details.

  3. Samantha Pearce1 Dec 2010, 21:56:00

    My G Grandfather was a Denis Frederick James Horton, born in 1899, christened 12th March 1899 at Lambeth. He married Winifred Marguerite Leng in 1918. He was a signaller in the Essex Regiment. Same person???

  4. Hi Samantha,

    I can't find any other birth registrations for a Dennis Horton in Lambeth in that period and no-one else with those initials.

    On Ancestry they have him listed as Donis (sic) J. F. Horton on his marriage to Marguerite Leng in Chesterton, Cambridgeshire, in 3Q 1918.

    The only military record I found lists him as both Dennis Jas. Horton and D.J.F. Horton who served as a private (No. 277402) with the Essex Regiment - so I'd say he's definitely the same guy.



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