Saturday, September 08, 2018

Harold Piffard

Robert J. Kirkpatrick

Harold Piffard was, almost certainly, the only illustrator who also designed, built and flew his own aircraft. It is this for which is he is now remembered, and as an illustrator – he contributed to around 20 periodicals and illustrated at least 175 books in the late 1890s and early 1900s – he is completely forgotten.

He was born on 10 August 1867 at 33 Blandford Square, Marylebone, London, and named Harold Hume Piffard. His father, Charles Piffard (1829-1884) was born in Bengal, and had a career as a barrister, which culminated with his appointment as Clerk of the Crown at the High Court in Calcutta. His mother, Emily Hume (1837-1911) was born in Chelsea – her grandfather was Joseph Hume, an M.P. and political economist. She and Charles had married in Calcutta on 1 June 1858, going on to have four children there: Frederick George Eye (1859-1931); Albert James Guerard (born in 1861 – he became a member of the Royal Indian Marines and, after serving for nearly 30 years, retired in 1907, and died in 1915); Hamilton Adrian Balfour (born in 1862 – he became an actor, dying in Switzerland in 1927); and Reginald Denman Francis (born in 1863 – he joined the Merchant Navy and died in London in 1902).

The family came to London in the mid-1860s, and, before Harold’s birth, had another son, Lawrence Grahame Woodroffe, in 1865. In the 1871 census, only Hamilton and Reginald are present (living with Louisa Bradshaw, a nurse, at 10 Beaumont Street, Marylebone – there is no trace of the other family members, so they may have returned to India.

However, it is known that Harold and his brother Lawrence both entered Lancing College in Sussex, in September 1877, both leaving in July 1888. Harold, nicknamed “Piff” by his fellow-pupils, was rather restless and reckless. In an article in the Lancing College Magazine in 1999, the school’s archivist, Janet Pennington, wrote that, at the age of 12, and being keen on dramatics, “he absented himself from Lancing one winter Sunday afternoon and walked to London, arriving on the Tuesday. He tried all the theatres and music halls, unsuccessfully seeking employment. He slept on the Embankment for several nights before returning to face the wrath of the headmaster…..”

After leaving Lancing, he travelled to India in February 1884, where he worked on a tea plantation, returning to London in 1889, when he entered the Royal Academy Schools. He settled for a while at 5 Fitzroy Square, St. Pancreas, which was his address when he exhibited his first oil painting at the Royal Academy in May 1895. A month after the exhibition opened, he travelled to Scotland where, on 1 June, at St. John’s Free Church, Dundee, he married Helena Katherine Docetti Walker, born in Perth, Scotland, in 1872 and the daughter of Peter Geddes Walker, a J.P. and jute spinner and weaver, and his wife Meta, née Docetti.

The couple moved to 29 Cambridge Avenue, Maida Vale, where they had their first child, Harold Reginald Grahame Sherard, born on 28 May 1896 (he died in Flanders in 1917). They then moved to 18 Addison Road, Bedford Park, Ealing, West London, where they had three more children: Dorothy Helen (March 1898), Ivan Adrian (November 1899), and Grahame Lawrence (October 1900). Unfortunately, it appears that Grahame’s birth may have involved serious complications, as Helena died shortly afterwards, on 27 November 1900, and Grahame himself died on 12 February 1901.

Just over a year later, on 8 January 1902, Harold married Eleanor Margaret Hoile, at the Chapel Royal of Scotland in Edinburgh. Born on 17 April 1871 in Dundee, she was the daughter of John Hoile, a jute and flax merchant. They went on to have one child, Hume, born on 28 July 1905 at 178 High Street, Aberdeen.

In the meantime, Harold had firmly established himself as an artist and illustrator. He had exhibited twice more at the Royal Academy, in 1897 and 1899, and with the Royal Society of British Artists.

His career as an illustrator appears to have begun in January 1894, when he contributed to Lazy Land, published by William Lucas. In April that year he began contributing to The Strand Magazine, and he went on to contribute to several more periodicals throughout the rest of the 1890s, including In Town, Pearson’s Weekly, The Sunday Magazine, The Windsor Magazine, The Illustrated London News, The Osborne, Cassell’s Family Magazine, Pearson’s Magazine and The Penny Pictorial Magazine.

His first book illustrations appeared in 1895, in three novels published by the Tower Publishing Company, and in novels published by C. Arthur Pearson and S.W. Partridge & Co. Over the following four years he illustrated at least a further 20 novels, and from 1900 onwards he became remarkably prolific, illustrating 7 books in 1900, 7 in 1901, 18 in 1902, 11 in 1903, 12 in 1904, 19 in 1905, 23 in 1906 and 17 in 1907. He became most closely associated with the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK) for whom he illustrated almost 70 novels between 1902 and 1912. He also worked for publishers such as F.V. White & Co., Digby, Long & Co., Cassell & Co., Ward, Lock & Co., Isbister & Co. and Frederick Warne & Co.

Amongst the authors whose books he illustrated were Richard Marsh, George Manville Fenn, Max Pemberton, Bertram Mitford, Guy Boothby, Frederick Harrison, Bessie Marchant, Emily Pearson Finnemore, George Chetwynd Griffith, J.M. Neale and Harry Collingwood. His work covered a wide range of genres, for both childen and adults – historical, adventure, seafaring, school and family stories, romantic novels, thrillers and detective stories and, occasionally, science fiction and the supernatural. In 1908 he began working for Collins on their series of re-issues of  classic novels, which included Thackeray’s The Virginians, Vanity Fair and The Christmas Books; Mrs Henry Wood’s A Life’s Secret; Dickens’s Edwin Drood; and George Eliot’s Felix Holt, the Radical.

Some of his most powerful illustrations were produced for Robert Harborough Sherard’s The White Slaves of England, Being True Pictures of Certain Social Conditions in the Kingdom of England in the year 1897, published by James Bowden in 1897. Most chilling was the frontispiece, “Done to Death”, showing the dead body of 19 year-old Elizabeth Ryan in the Newcastle Workhouse – she had died of white-lead poisoning after working in a local factory for only four months.

Unlike many of his contemporaries, he rarely contributed to children’s annuals and similar books, although it is known that his work appeared in Collins’s Schoolgirls’ Bumper Book and The Victory Adventure Book.

He also began contributing to more periodicals after 1900, including The Quiver, Good Words, Short Stories, The London Magazine, The Idler, The Royal Magazine and Cassell’s Saturday Journal. He was also a minor author, with several local newspapers serializing his story "The Mystery of the Damascus" in 1905.

He was also painting in both oils and watercolours. Two of his best-known paintings were “The Relief of Ladysmith”, painted in 1900, and “The Real Angel of Mons”, painted in 1915/16. In 1916, many newspapers gave away free colour plates of a series of war pictures, including “The Real Angel of Mons” and others such as “Daddy’s Away” and Daddy Returns”, all sentimental but nevertheless powerful. Between 1918 and 1920 he ran a picture gallery at 7 Pelham Street, Kensington. He usually signed his work “Piffard”.

While Piffard was at the peak of his career as an illustrator he was also developing an interest in aviation, beginning with designing and constructing model aeroplanes at his studio in Bedford Park. In 1909 he set out to build a full-size plane, which he transported in sections to a playing field on Hanger Hill Farm, North Ealing. Whilst it flew for a short distance, it was destroyed during an overnight storm. Piffard immediately began designing and building another, this time deciding to fly it from a field at Shoreham, Sussex, close to Lancing College. He teamed up with a solicitor, George Wingfield, to establish the Aviators’ Finance Company Limited, which leased some land and built a hangar. Piffard’s plane, “Hummingbird,” a box-kite biplane, first flew from there in the spring of 1910. Piffard’s activities attracted a lot of interest as well as cynicism – a local pub landlord offered him a crate of champagne if he could fly the length of the field, which Piffard duly collected even though his plane was damaged on landing.

Piffard made several adjustments to his plane, and made several more short flights, despite crash-landing a few times, but in October 1910 he crashed again and his plane was damaged beyond repair. He immediately decided to build a plane which could take off from water. He returned to Shoreham in the summer of 1911, where he utilized a disused lifeboat shed on the beach to put together a hydroplane fitted with air bags. While its early trials on the water were successful in terms of its buoyancy, it eventually capsized and sank. Unable to raise the money to carry on, he was obliged to retire from aviation. In the meantime, the field he had rented at Shoreham had become the Shoreham and Brighton Aerodrome, the first airport in the UK to be granted a commercial license.

(For more on Piffard’s early endeavours and on Shoreham Aerodrome, see A Brief History of Shoreham Aviation)

Piffard subsequently did very little in the way of illustration. In 1917 he began contributing to Canada in Khaki, a three-part periodical celebrating Canadian troops’ role in the First World War, but hardly anything by him after that is recorded, other than a contribution to The Wide World Magazine in 1927, and some illustrations for a story by Winifred Norling in 1935.

Piffard and his wife remained at 18 Addison Road until Piffard’s death, which occurred at St. Thomas’s Hospital, Lambeth, on 17 January 1939. He left an estate valued at £3,328 (around £185,000 in today’s terms). He was buried in Old Chiswick Cemetery, alongside his first wife, Helena, their son Grahame, and Harold’s brother Reginald. (N.B. The gravestone incorrectly gives Harold’s date of death as 1938). His second wife Eleanor moved back to Scotland, where she died at 145 High Street, Montrose, on 20 December 1953.

For someone as prolific as Piffard, as both a painter and illustrator, it is astonishing that he is not better-known. Yet he has been almost completely whitewashed from all the major reference books – he merits only two lines in Simon Houfe’s Dictionary of British Book Illustrators and Caricaturists: “Military painter and illustrator. He worked in Bedford Park, London, and was a prolific illustrator in the style of Caran d’Ache.” (d”Ache, i.e. Emmanuel Poiré, was a French satirist and political cartoonist). This is a travesty – he was not a military artist, and his style was far from being in the nature of cartoon-like or caricature. He deserves far more recognition.


Books illustrated by Harold Piffard
Valdar the Oft-born: A Saga of Seven Ages by George Chetwynd Griffith, C. Arthur Pearson, 1895
Sibyl Falcon: A Study in Romantic Morals by Edgar Jepson, Tower Publishing Co., 1895
Zoraida: A Romance of the Harem and the Great Sahara by William Le Queux, Tower Publishing Co., 1895
Jim’s Discovery, or On the Edge of the Desert by T.M. Browne, S.W. Partridge & Co., 1895
In Quest of a Name by Mrs Henry Wylde, Tower Publishing Co., 1895
The City of Gold: A Tale of Sport, Travel and Adventure in the Heart of the Dark Continent by Edward Markwick, Tower Publishing Co., 1896
A Secret Service by William Le Queux, Ward, Lock & Bowden, 1896
The Missing Million by E. Harcourt Burrage, S.W. Partridge & Co., 1897
The Birthright: Being the Adventurous History of Jaspar Pennington by Joseph Hocking, Ward. Lock & Co., 1897
The Crime and the Criminal by Richard Marsh, Ward, Lock & Co., 1897
The Queen of the Jesters and Her Strange Adventures in Old Paris by Max Pemberton, C. Arthur Pearson, 1897
When the Birds Begin to Sing by Mrs Winifred Cory, C. Arthur Pearson, 1897
The White Slaves of England, Being True Pictures of Certain Social Conditions in the Kingdom of England in the Year 1897 by Robert Harborough Sherard, J. Bowden, 1897
The Dacoit’s Treasure, or In the Days of Po Thaw: A Story of Adventure in Burma by Henry Charles Moore, W.H. Addison, 1897 (re-issue)
Her Royal Highness’s Love Affair by J. Maclaren Cobban, C. Arthur Pearson, 1897 (cover)
Jungle and Stream, or The Adventures of Two Boys in Siam by George Manville Fenn, S.W. Partridge & Co., 1898
The Lost Provinces by Louis Tracy, G. Bell & Sons, 1898
Tom Ossington’s Ghost by Richard Marsh, Bowden & C., 1898
The Destined Maid by George Chetwynd Griffith, F.V. White & Co., 1898
Athabasca Bill: A Tale of the Far West by Bessie Marchant, Sheldon Press, 1899
The Rose of Judah: A Tale of the Captivity by George Chetwynd Griifith, C. Arthur Pearson, 1899
The Signors of the Night by Max Pemberton, C. Arthur Pearson, 1899
The Ruby Sword: A Romance of Baluchistan by Betram Mitford, F.V. White & Co., 1899
The Day of Temptation by William Le Queux, F.V. White & Co., 1899
The Weird of Deadly Hollow: A Tale of the Cape Colony by Bertram Mitford, F.V. White, 1899 (re-issue)
An Aristocratic Detective by Richard Marsh, Digby, Long & Co., 1900
Barcali, The Mutineer: A Tale of the Great Pacific by C. Dudley Lampen, R.A. Everett & Co., 1900
Kate Cameron of Brux, or The Feud by J.E. Muddock, Digby, Long & Co., 1900
A Great Temptation by Dora Russell, Digby, Long & Co., 1900
John Ames, Native Commissioner: A Romance of the Matabele Rising by Bertram Mitford, F.V. White & Co., 1900 (re-issue)
Britain’s Sea-Kings and Sea-Fights by Bertram Robinson, Cassell & Co., 1900 (with other artists)
Griffith Gaunt, or Jealousy by Charles Reade, Collins, 1900 (re-issue)
The Giant’s Gate: A Story of a Great Adventure by Max Pemberton, Cassell & Co., 1901
Dick Dale, the Colonial Scout: A Tale of the Transvaal War of 1899-1900 by Tom Bevan, S.W. Partridge & Co., 1901
Between the Lines: A Detective Story by Burford Delannoy, Ward, Lock & Co., 1901
My Indian Queen by Guy Boothby, Ward, Lock & Co., 1901
Farewell, Nikola by Guy Boothby, Ward, Lock & Co., 1901
Bitter of the Rue by Helen Shipton, Isbister & Co., 1901
A Honeymoon in Space by George Griffith, C. Arthur Pearson, 1901 (with Stanley L. Wood)
The Peril Finders by George Manville Fenn, S.P.C.K., 1902
The Frozen Treasure: A Tale of Arctic Russia by Charles Dudley Lampen, S.P.C.K., 1902
A Bid for Empire by Arthur Griffiths, Digby, Long & Co., 1902
The Boys of Spartan House School: A Story of School and Adventure by Frederick Harrison, S.P.C.K., 1902
The Lover Fugitives: A Romance by John Finnemore, G. Bell & Sons, 1902
Robert Miner, Anarchist by Henry Barton Baker, Ward, Lock & Co., 1902
A Lost Leader: A Tale of Restoration Days by Dorothea Townshend, S.P.C.K., 1902
Earncliffe of Errington by F.B. Forester, S.P.C.K., 1902
Frank Denham, Foreman, or The Light of Life by anon., S.P.C.K., 1902
The Pagan’s Cup: A Country Story by Fergus Hume, Digby, Long & Co., 1902
Dahlia Peploe’s Reaping by Emily Pearson Finnemore, S.P.C.K., 1902
Worth While by Annette Lyster, S.P.C.K., 1902
Venus Victrix and Other Stories by Helen Mathers, Digby, Long & Co., 1902
Lady Joan’s Companion by Florence Warden, Digby, Long & Co., 1902
The Will and the Way by Catherine E. Mallandaine, S.P.C.K., 1902
The Daughter of the Dawn: A Realistic Story of Maori Magic by William Reginald Hodder, Jarrold & Sons, 1902
Bear Cavern by Edward Sylvester Ellis, Cassell & Co., 1902
My Strangest Case by Guy Boothby, Ward, Lock & Co., 1902
Fitz the Filibuster by George Manville Fenn, S.P.C.K., 1903
The Head-Hunters of Christabel: A Tale of Adventure in the South Seas by Alfred Penny, S.P.C.K., 1903
The Boys’ Book of Battles by Herbert Cadet, C. Arthur Pearson, 1903
Spurs and Bride: How They Were Won by Gertrude Hollis, S.P.C.K., 1903
The Mark of Cain by Emily Pearson Finnemore, S.P.C.K., 1903
The New Tutor by Frederick Harrison, S.P.C.K., 1903
A Step in the Dark by Catherine E. Mallandaine, S.P.C.K., 1903
Frank Warlegh’s Holidays by Achilles Daunt, S.P.C.K., 1903
Carita by Eyre Hussey, Jacob, 1903
Theodora Phranza, or The Fall of Constantinople by John Mason Neale, S.P.C.K., 1903 (re-issue)
Living London by George R. Sims, Cassell & Co., 1903 (with other artists)
Harter’s Ranch by F.B. Forester, S.P.C.K., 1904
Mr Quixley of the Gate House by Percy James Brebner, Frederick Warne & Co., 1904
The Witches of Westover Cove: A Story of the South Coast by E.E. Cowper, S.P.C.K., 1904
Nell Garton by Jessie Challacombe, S.P.C.K., 1904
Enderly Park: A Tale by F. Bayford Harrison, S.P.C.K., 1904
Constance’s Fortune by A.E.D., S.P.C.K., 1904
Yew Tree Farm: A Story of a Separate Career by Bessie Marchant, S.P.C.K., 1904
Mary Louisa Quayne, or A Belated Love Affair by Emily Pearson Finnemore, S.P.C.K., 1904
Home Fetters by Raymond Jacberns, S.P.C.K., 1904
The Evil That Men Do by M.P. Shiel, Ward, Lock & Co., 1904
Miss Brent of Mead by Christabel R. Coleridge, Isbister & Co., 1904
The Broken Vow: A Story of Here and Hereafter by W.J. Knox Little, Isbister & Co., 1904 (re-issue)
Rupert Dudleigh: A Story of Old Brighton by Frederick Harrison, S.P.C.K., 1905
The Mysterious Mr Punch: A School Story by G.E. Farrow, S.P.C.K., 1905
Duchenier, or The Revolt of La Vendée by John Mason Neale, S.P.C.K., 1905
The Silver Pin by Alfred Wilson-Barrett, Ward, Lock & Co., 1905
The Coplestone Cousins by Amy Key, S.P.C.K., 1905
A Little Princess: The Story of Sara Crewe by Frances Hodgson Burnett, Frederick Warne & Co., 1905
The Haunted Mill on Birley River: The Story of a South Coast Creek by E.E. Cowper, S.P.C.K., 1905
The Jackal by Coulson Kernahan, Ward, Lock & Co., 1905
The Great Ruby: A Tale of Adventure by T.W. Hanshaw, Ward, Lock & Co., 1905
The Fall of the Grand Sarrasin: Being a Chronicle of Sir Nigel de Bessin, Knight by William John Ferrar, S.P.C.K., 1905
For Love of Her by Buy Boothby, Ward, Lock & Co., 1905
The Conquering Will by Silas K. Hocking, Frederick Warne & Co., 1905
Ben Pipe’s Sowing by Emily Pearson Finnemore, S.P.C.K., 1905
Rosamund’s Girls: A School Story by M. Bramston, S.P.C.K., 1905
Mona: A Manx Idyll by Esmé Stuart, Jarrold & Sons, 1905
The Man with the Opals by Alfred Barrett & Austin Fryers, Ward, Lock & Co., 1905
Stories of the Crusades by J.M. Neale, S.P.C.K., 1905 (re-issue)
Le Chevalier de Maison Rouge by Alexandre Dumas, Collins, 1905(?) (re-issue)
Round the World in Eighty Days by Jules Verne, Collins, 1905 (re-issue)
Meshes of Mischance by Gilbert Wintle, Ward, Lock & Co., 1906
Dick Leslie’s Luck: A Story of Shipwreck and Adventure by Harry Collingwood, S.P.C.K., 1906
A Queer Affair by Guy Boothby, Ward, Lock & Co., 1906
The Race of Life by Guy Boothby, Ward, Lock & Co., 1906
Sealed Lips by Marie Connor Leighton, Ward, Lock & Co., 1906
Cold Blow Corner by Phoebe Allan, S.P.C.K., 1906
The Counterstroke by Ambrose Pratt, Ward, Lock & Co., 1906
Grit and Pluck, or The Young Commander by William Charles Metcalfe, S.P.C.K., 1906
Daybreak: A Story by J.E. Henderson, S.P.C.K., 1906
The Aerial Burglars by James Blyth, Ward, Lock & Co., 1906
The Gold Hunters by W.J. Marx, S.P.C.K., 1906
Granfer Garland by Phoebe Allen, S.P.C.K., 1906
The House Over the Way by Alfred Wilson-Barrett, Ward, Lock & Co., 1906
The Eagles by Paul Urquhart, Ward, Lock & Co., 1906
Under One Standard, or The Touch That Makes Us Kin: A Story of the Time of the Maori War by H. Louisa Bedford, S.P.C.K., 1906
Agnes de Tracy: A Tale of the Times of St. Thomas of Canterbury by J.M. Neale, S.P.C.K., 1906
The Luck of Haviland, or Hayland’s Waste by Theodore Corrie, S.P.C.K., 1906
The Counterstroke by Ambrose Pratt, Ward, Lock & Co., 1906
The Disappearance of David Pendarve by E.E. Cowper, S.P.C.K., 1906
The Polyphemes: A Story of Strange Adventures Among Strange Beings by F. Hernaman-Johnson Ward, Lock & Co., 1906
Hunting the Skipper, or The Cruise of the “Seafowl” Sloop by George Manville Fenn, S.P.C.K., 1906 (re-issue)
The Silence of Dean Maitland by Maxwell Gray, Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., 1906 (re-issue)
Dead Man’s Rock by Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cassell & Co., 1906 (re-issue)
The Kingmakers by Armiger Barclay, Cassell & Co., 1907
Frank and Fearless, or Adventures Amongst Cannibals by William Charles Metcalfe, S.P.C.K., 1907
Philip Okeover’s Page-hood: A Story of the Peasants’ Rising by Gertrude Hollis, S.P.C.K., 1907
Darling of Sandy Point by Bessie Marchant, S.P.C.K., 1907
Geoffrey Harrington’s Adventures by Harry Collingwood, S.P.C.K., 1907
Barbara’s Behaviour: A Story for Girls by M. Bramston, S.P.C.K., 1907
The General and His Daughter by Frances Armstrong, S.P.C.K., 1907
The Ordeal of Susannah Vantham by Emily Pearson Finnemore, S.P.C.K., 1907
The Forgotten Door: A Tale of A.D. 70 by Frank Cowper, S.P.C.K., 1907
Naomi’s Transgression by Darley Dale, Frederick Warne & Co., 1907
Wilful Jenny by E.B., S.P.C.K., 1907
The Story of Dorothy by L.E. Tiddeman, S.P.C.K., 1907
Crags of Duty by Emilie Vaughan Smith, S.P.C.K., 1907
Why Jane Matcham Disappeared by Michael Carane, Ward, Lock & Co., 1907
In Cause of Freedom by Arthur W. Marchmont, Ward, Lock & Co., 1907
The Devil on Two Sticks by Alain René Le Sage, Sisley’s 1907(?)
Verner’s Pride by Mrs Henry Wood, Collins, 1907 (re-issue)
Heroine or ? by Isabella L. Looker, S.P.C.K., 1908
Blown Out to Sea by William Charles Metcalfe, S.P.C.K., 1908
Diana’s Decision by Alice Wilson Fox, S.P.C.K., 1908
The House with Dragon Gates: A Story of Old Chiswick in 1745 by E.E. Cowper, S.P.C.K., 1908
London in the Sixties by One of the Old Brigade (i.e. Donald Shaw), Everett & Co., 1908
The Virginians by W.M. Thackeray, Collins, 1908 (re-issue)
A Sack of Shakings by Frank Thomas Bullen, Collins, 1908 (re-issue)
De Montfort’s Squire: A Story of the Battle of Lewes by Frederick Harrison, S.P.C.K., 1909
The Marquis’ Heir: A Tale of the Early Years of the French Revolution by Arthur Holland Biggs, S.P.C.K., 1909
Reuben the Fisherman: A Lowestoft Romance by William Webster, S.P.C.K., 1909
Dick Trawle, Second Mate by William Charles Metcalfe, S.P.C.K., 1909    `e
Mr Punch and Party by H. Louisa Bedford, S.P.C.K., 1909
Harum Scarum’s Fortune by Esmé Stuart, Jarrold & Sons, 1909
For the Sake of Kitty by Christina Gowans White, Collins, 1909
Elise Venner by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Collins, 1909 (re-issue)
Legends and Lyrics by Adelaide Anne Proctor, Collins, 1909 (re-issue)
Odin’s Treasury by William Victor Cook, S.P.C.K., 1910
Jenkyn Cliffe, Bedesman by Gertrude Hollis, S.P.C.K., 1910
The White Elephant by William Dalton, Collins, 1910(?) (re-issue)
Felix Holt the Radical by George Eliot, Collins, 1910 (?) (re-issue)
Mabel Vaughan by Maria Cummins, Collins, 1910(?) (re-issue)
A Life’s Secret by Mrs Henry Wood, Collins, 1910(?) (re-issue)
Gems from Longfellow, Collins, 1910(?) (re-issue)
Two Marriages by Dinah Maria Mulock Craik, Collins, 1910(?) (re-issue)
The Doctor: A Study from Life by H. De Vere Stacpoole, Collins, 1910(?) (re-issue)
Redwood Ranch by Bessie Marchant, S.P.C.K., 1911
The Story of Helen by M.F. Hutchinson, S.P.C.K., 1911
Study Number Eleven: A Tale of Rilton School by Margaret Kilroy, S.W. Partridge & Co., 1911
The House of the Oak by Henry Albert Hinkson, S.P.C.K., 1911
Vanity Fair by W.M. Thackeray, Collins, 1911 (re-issue)
Brandon Chase: A Tale of East Anglia by William Webster, S.P.C.K., 1912
Gentleman Jack: An Adventurer in East Africa by Henry Albert Hinkson, S.P.C.K., 1913
Edwin Drood by Charles Dickens, Collins, 1914 (re-issue)
Christmas Books by W.M. Thackeray, Collins, 1925(?) (re-issue)
The Riddle of St. Rolf’s by Winifred Norling, Hutchinson & Co., 1935

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