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Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Roger Hall and The Three Investigators

The Three Investigators were a trio of boys who became involved in investigations through the patronage of Alfred Hitchcock. I loved the early adventures when I was a kid... I read the first dozen or so in Armada paperbacks although these had covers by Peter Archer rather than Roger Hall.

If you remember the Three Investigators, there are plenty of websites about them across the internet. These covers came from here via Mark West's website. There is some fascinating material about the background to the series here, including material about the authors and correspondence between the original author (Robert Arthur) and the original publisher.


Monday, October 20, 2014

Roger Hall

Roger Hall and Sam Peffer photographed in 2005.

Roger Hall began earning his livelihood as an artist painting front-of-house display material for cinemas, a career path also followed by his good friend, the late Sam Peffer. Like Sam, Hall moved on to produce book covers and dust jackets for many British publishers and, later, found work with Design Bureau, whose artists were responsible for many of Hamlyn's "All Colour Paperbacks" in the late 1960s/early 1970s. It was here that the two finally met, remaining good friends until Sam's death earlier this year.

Roger Hall was born at St Barts Hospital on Boxing Day 1914, the son of a stoker who worked at Wimbledon Power Station. Hall grew up in Islington and showed an early interest in, and talent for, drawing. A few months after leaving school, he became a junior at the London Art Service, a firm specialising in cinema display work. At the age of 15 he worked on lettering huge, 48-sheet posters, banners and other advertising material.

After a while, Hall became desperate to move onto the artistic side of the operation in the studios below. One of the firm's artists, Bill Wiggins, suggested that he draw some specimen illustrations to show to the company's chief artist Oscar Brown and, using a Saturday Evening Post cover as his reference, Hall painted a town crier. Brown's terse response was to instruct Hall to "start downstairs on Monday".

After an apprenticeship of mixing paint and running errands, Hall began contributing life-size heads to displays, having spent every weekend studying portraits at the Tate and National Gallery. His hero was John Singer Sargent, the top portrait artist of his era and a master at the realistic portrayal of people. After a couple of years, Hall had developed a realistic style that allowed him to accurately paint up to twenty portrait panels a week from publicity brochures and photos. Given his output, he asked for a 2/6d. pay rise—bringing his wage up to £1 a week—and left when the firm prevaricated.

Now aged 18, he joined Art Display Services, a new firm based in a former banana warehouse off Shaftesbury Avenue who supplied hand-painted cut-out displays for cinema foyers. One of his most memorable assignments was a 20-foot high picture of Charles Bickford, made up from twelve pieces of 5 x 5-feet plywood, for the Regal, Marble Arch.

Hall continued this work until he was called up in 1941. Demobbed at the end of 1946, he joined Pulford Publicity to paint posters. For £16 a week—more than double the average wage— he painted between 200 and 300 posters for the firm, the first a quad poster featuring a large portrait of Michael Redgrave for Fame Is The Spur (1947). Other posters included Circle Of Danger (1951) and The Adventurers (1952).

After producing two or three posters a week for seven years, Hall found himself frustrated by the firm's boss, Eric Pulford, who insisted on designing and laying out all the work for Hall to finish. He left, turning to the thriving field of book cover illustration, producing dust jackets for Hutchinson and covers for Arrow, Pan, Corgi, Panther, Four Square, Mayflower and even Mills & Boon.

In the 1960s, he returned to painting film posters for Geoff Wright but, due to work commitments elsewhere, passed on the work to Sam Peffer in 1971. Hall, meanwhile, was working in television and film production work, also illustrating 14 Ladybird books in their 'Famous People' series.

Hall also illustrated three popular series for Collins: The Hardy Boys, Nancy Drew and The Three Investigators. In the late 1960s, Hall contributed cover illustrations to IPC's Princess Tina and, in the early 1970s, painted illustrations for the nursery comic Hey Diddle Diddle.

Sam Peffer recalls: "During one of my quieter spells in 1977, a phone call from Roger Hall led to a couple of jobs that gave us both a great deal of pleasure. He had been commissioned to paint murals stretching the length of the walls in two new Safeway supermarkets—one in South Norwood, the other at Blackfen, Sidcup—all expenses paid, and he needed another artist to assist him. Was I interested? I jumped at the opportunity. It was a totally new experience for me, and a very enjoyable one."

Hall moved to Spain in 1986, but travelled widely. He held three exhibitions before returning to the UK in 2003, retiring to Gloucestershire, where he continued to paint landscapes and local scenes.


Illustrated Books
The Three Investigators (* cover only, no internal illustrations):
  1 The Secret of Terror Castle by Robert Arthur. London, Collins, 1967.
  3 The Mystery of the Whispering Mummy by Robert Arthur. London, Collins, 1968. 
  4 Mystery of the Green Ghost by Robert Arthur. London, Collins, 1968.
  5 The Mystery of the Vanishing Treasure by Robert Arthur. London, Collins, 1968.
  6 The Secret of Skeleton Island by Robert Arthur. London, Collins, 1968.
  7 The Mystery of the Fiery Eye by Robert Arthur. London, Collins, 1969.
  8 The Mystery of the Silver Spider by Robert Arthur. London, Collins, 1969.
  9 The Mystery of the Screaming Clock by Robert Arthur. London, Collins, 1969.
  10 The Mystery of the Moaning Cave by William Arden. London, Collins, 1969. 
  11 The Mystery of the Talking Skull by Robert Arthur. London, Collins, 1970.
  12 The Mystery of the Laughing Shadow by William Arden. London, Collins, 1970.
  13 The Secret of the Crooked Cat by William Arden. London, Collins, 1971.
  14 The Mystery of the Coughing Dragon by Nick West. London, Collins, 1971.
  15 The Mystery of the Flaming Footprints by M. V. Carey. London, Collins, 1972.*
  16 The Mystery of the Nervous Lion by Nick West. London, Collins, 1972.*
  17 The Mystery of the Singing Serpent by M. V. Carey. London, Collins, 1973.*
  18 The Mystery of the Shrinking House by William Arden. London, Collins, 1973.*
  19 Secret of Phantom Lake by William Arden. London, Collins, 1974.*
  20 The Mystery of Monster Mountain by M. V. Carey. London, Collins, 1974.
  21 The Secret of the Haunted Mirror by M. V. Carey. London, Collins, 1975.
  22 The Mystery of the Dead Man's Riddle by William Arden. London, Collins, 1975
  23 The Mystery of the Invisible Dog by M. V. Carey. London, Collins, 1976.*
  24 The Mystery of Death Trap Mine by M. V. Carey. London, Collins, 1977.*
  25  The Mystery of the Dancing Devil by William Arden. London, Collins, 1977.
  26 The Mystery of the Headless Horse by William Arden. London, Collins, 1978.*
  27 The Mystery of the Magic Circle by M. V. Carey. London, Collins, 1979.*
  28 The Mystery of the Deadly Double by William Arden. London, Collins, 1979.
Freshwater Fishing by Colin Gamble, illus. with Glenn Steward & Sam Peffer. London, Hamlyn, 1972.
The Piper of Hamlyn retold by Anthony Toyne. London, Oxford University Press, 1972.
Sir Prancelot Goes to Sea by Jane Morey. London, Collins, 1972.
Stories of Special Days and Customs by N. F. Pearson. Loughborough, Wills & Hepworth, 1972.
Elizabeth Fry by L. du Garde Peach. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1973.
Michael Faraday by L. du Garde Peach. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1973.
Charles Darwin by L. du Garde Peach. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1973.
Roads by James Webster, illus. with Gerald Witcomb & Martin Aitchison. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1974.
Samuel Pepys by Nicholas Abbott. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1974.
Bonnie Prince Charlie by L. du Garde Peach. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1975.
The Story of Our Canals by Carolyn Hutchings. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1975.
Robert Louis Stevenson by Barbara Brill. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1975.
Deserts by P. H. Armstrong, illus. with Gerald Witcomb. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1976.
Queen Victoria by J. R. C. Yglesias. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1976.
Elizabeth Gaskell by Barbara Brill. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1977.
Cooking With Mother by Lynne Peebles. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1977.
The Ladybird Colouring Book of ABC, illus. with others. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1978.
Marco Polo by Audrey Daly. Loughborough, Ladybird Books, 1980.
William Shakespeare by Geoffrey Earle. Loughborough, Ladybird, 1981.
Tea by Michael Smith, illus. with David Palmer. Loughborough, Ladybird, 1981.
Miracles of Jesus: Loaves and Fishes by Sylvia Mandeville. Loughborough, Ladybird, 1982.
Water Into Wine by Sylvia Mandeville. Loughborough, Ladybird, 1982.

(* Most of the biographical information above is derived from Sim Branaghan's British Film Posters, BFI Publishing, 2006. My thanks to Phil Richards for the scan of Trapeze.)

Sunday, October 19, 2014

George R R Martin Cover Gallery

Dying of the Light (New York, Simon & Schuster, 1977)
Panther Books 0586-04613-5, 1979, 316pp.
Millennium 1857-98897-3, 2000, 365pp.

Windhaven, with Lisa Tuttle (New York, Timescape Books, 1981)
New English Library 0450-04666-4, 1982, 315pp.
Gollancz 0575-04395-4, 1988, 320pp.
Millennium 1857-98940-6, 2000, 315pp.

Fevre Dream (New York, Poseidon Press, 1982)
Sphere 0722-15730-4, 1984, 407pp.
VGSF 0575-04492-6, 1989, 352pp.
Vista 0575-60005-5, 1996, 352pp.
Millennium 1857-98331-9, 2001, 352pp.

The Armageddon Rag (New York, Poseidon Press/Nemo Press, 1983)
New English Library 0450-05766-6, 1984, 333pp.
Gollancz 978-0575-12955-9, 2013.

Tuf Voyaging (Riverside, N.Y., Baen Books, 1986)
VGSF 0575-04266-4, 1988, 374pp.
Gollancz 978-0575-12952-8, 2013.

A Game of Thrones (London, HarperCollins Voyager, 1996)
Voyager 0006-47988-X, 1997, 694pp. [Special Overseas Edition]
Voyager 0006-47988-X, 1998, 704pp.
HarperVoyager 0007-44803-1, 2011, 801pp.

A Clash of Kings (London, HarperCollins Voyager, 1998)
Voyager 0002-25668-1, 1998, 741pp. [tpb]
HarperVoyager 978-0007-44783-1, 2011, 913pp.
HarperCollins 978-0007-46582-8, 2012. Tie-in cover

A Storm of Swords (London, HarperCollins Voyager, 2000; in two volumes as A Storm of Swords 1: Steel and Snow and 2: Blood and Gold, HarperCollins Voyager, 2001)
Voyager 0007-10197-X, 2000, 973pp. [tpb]

A Storm of Swords 1: Steel and Snow
Voyager 0006-47990-1 , 2001, 661pp.
----, 2003.
HarperVoyager 978-0007-44784-8, 2011, 607pp.
HarperVoyager 978-0007-48384-6, 2013, 623pp

A Storm of Swords 2: Blood and Gold
Voyager 0007-11955-0, 2001, 637pp.
----, 2003.
HarperVoyager 978-0007-44785-5, 2011, 607pp.

Shadow Twin, with David Abraham & Gardner Dozois (Burton, Michigan, Subterranean Press, 2005; revised and expanded as Hunter's Run, London, HarperCollins, 2007)
(no UK paperback)

A Feast for Crows (London, Voyager, 2005)
Voyager 0002-24742-9, 2006, 753pp. [tpb]
Voyager 0006-48612-6, 2006, 936pp.
Voyager 978-0007-44786-2, 2011, 849pp.

A Dance With Dragons (New York, Bantam, 2011; in two volumes as A Dance With Dragons 1: Dreams and Dust and 2: After the Feast, London, HarperVoyager, 2012)
(no single volume paperback)

A Dance With Dragons 1: Dreams and Dust
Harper Voyager 978-0007-46606-1, 2012, 690pp, £8.99. Cover by Larry Rostant

A Dance With Dragons 2: After the Feast
HarperVoyager 978-0007-46607-8, 2012, 560pp.


A Song for Lya and Other Stories (New York, Avon Books, 1976)
Coronet 0340-22779-6, 1978, 205pp.

Songs of Stars and Shadows (New York, Pocket Books, 1977)
(no UK paperback)

Sandkings (New York, Pocket Books/Timescape, 1981)
Futura 0708-82306-8, 1983, 238pp.

Songs the Dead Men Sing (Arlington Heights, Illinois, Dark Harvest, 1983; abridged, London, Victor Gollancz, 1985)
Sphere 0722-15736-3, 1986, 214pp.

Nightflyers (New York, Bluejay Books, 1985)
(no UK paperback)

Portraits of His Children (Arlington Heights, Illinois, Dark Harvest, 1987)
(no UK paperback)

Quartet: Four Tales from the Crossroads (Framingham, Massachusetts, The NESFA Press, 2001)
(no UK paperback)

GRRM: A RRetrospective (Burton, Michigan, Subterranean Press, 2003; as Dreamsongs: GRRM: A RRetrospective, London, Orion/Gollancz, 2006; in two volumes as Dreamsongs: Volume I and Volume II, New York, Bantam Spectra, 2007, and as Dreamsongs 1: A RRetrospective and 2: A RRetrospective, London, Gollancz, 2008)